The word AYURVEDA has two parts of life. One is Ayur and second is Veda. Ayur means life Veda means knowledge of science. Thus it means SCIENCE OF LIFE. There are four Vedas in Indian thought
Vedacharya Ved Kumar Kaushik
Vedacharya Ved Kumar Kaushik
1. Rigveda 2. Yajurveda 3. Samveda 4. Atharvveda
Atharvveda gives us knowledge of medicine therapy and medicinal plants. Ayurveda is the part of Atharvveda Samhita. Atharveda incorporates all aspects of life Physical, Psychological, Spiritual and Social and encompasses our entire life with BODY, MIND AND SOUL.
Ayurveda through herbal remedies based on ancient scientific principals of healing through natural way of Vedic culture. Now the world today understand and realizing the ayurvedic system of medicinal herbs as science of healthy and good life and the world now treating the chronic diseases like arthritis, allergy of all types, paralyses, migraine, neurological disorders, asthma etc.
Even W.H.O. (WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION) has given high rating for the ayurvedic system of medicine.
According to the ancient Vedic literature, the ayurveda has three things, which are responsible for the health of any human being i.e. VATA (wind), PITTA (bile), and KAPHA (phlegm). The first reference to these three factors found in atharvveda books No.1 (Kanda), Sukta (Hymn) 12 Shloka 3.
1. VATA is a combination of the two elements of the universe namely AIR AND ETHER
2. PITTA is an amalgam of FIRE AND EARTH.
3. KAPHA is the combination of ETHER AND WATER.
Vata occupies a prominent position in the human body, mind, and soul. According to Vedas health is a state of balance of the three doshas when there three doshas are there in a state / position of well being then human being feels well. When these doshas are not in a state of well being then human being feels upset, unhappy. Therefore, this condition of a man makes him weak and unhealthy.
AILMENTS, ACNE, ARTHRITIS, ACIDITY, ANEMIA, CONSTIPATION, COUGH, DEPRESSION, DIABETIES, SKIN CARE, BLOOD PURIFIER, HAIR TONIC, MIGRAINE, NASAL ALLERGY.
Kaushik Sutra the only treatise on Atharvveda referred these three in sutra 25 part 1 to 32 part 26,27 and profounded by Kaushik paddhati and there it explains the theory of life that how we can live within the world without diseases for the long span of 116 years as referred in Sam Vedic chandogya Upanishad chapter 3 in section 16 and Shloka 1 to 6, How we are to live in the lore of Vedic life so simple, sacred, pious, moral and restrainful in respect of our daily life, our diet, our faith and dedication according to the believes tried scientifically by the Vedic Rishies how they lived so long life and remembered orally and wrote too much for us. Atharvveda refers towards the diet of the Saptrishis Rigveda chapter 10 Sukta 39 Shloka 4 reference gives us real knowledge how a Rishi Kanya (Daughter) of Kakshivan Rishi became of the age of sixty years then she prayed to Ashwini Kumars the Vedic Vaidyaraja’s brothers then by taking the receipt they gave to her, she became like a sixteen years young, beautiful and healthy girl and was married to a great rishi reference Rigveda chapter 10 Sukta 40 Shloka 9.
The seer of the third chapter of Rigveda who gives us the greatest Mata Gayatri mantra identified first of all hundred important herbs, shrubs and plants and thousand associates thereof and from that period we have the Vedic people carried on their research and scientific approvals on 120 diseases as mentioned in the Kaushik Paddhati in which general, epidemic, hereditary. ( genetic, kshetriya ) Even a remedy for fury , wrath, anxiety, stress, strain, depression, tension which is too real help for us in this period of uncertainty, zeal, craze, jealousy, enmity and restlessness which we are facing today. Atharvveda gives us instructions about thousands of years back which are effective today. The reference is MASH (rajmah), MANS (meat, egg and fish), MADHU, This have two meanings (1) Sweet (2) Wine, Sweet thing means Sugar and Wine means those things which gives us toxicity and narcotics and SALT (LAVAN) are prohibited.
MASH, MANS, MADHU, LAVAN These four things are the root cause of all the diseases prevalent today. Now today at this time if we need a life simple free remaining in the lap of nature having familiarity identification of the Fenna and Flora we will really use them according to the references given in the scriptures, under a well known Vedic person. We will live for 100 and more years we will see for 100 years and more we will listen for 100 and more years and be bodily independent will not be dependable on any person and may live more than 116 years.
The research which was started by Vishwamitra the head in the chronology of Kaushiks has been brought up to the present generations. The work was started with the identification of Vishanka the king of the herbs in the Rigvedic times was brought up to this generation Pandit Wishveshwarnath ( Bashesharnath) Kaushik identified Phenksheeri as medicine of plague epidemic and trills were made on 1947 when the town was in the grip of epidemic, none of the persons who took this medicine died. Where as more than 50 persons died who did not believe it.
Keeping the tradition alive I Ved Kumar Kaushik has identified Kuri (Kusthnashini) for leprosy and cirrhosis and madhuchyut for sugar, Rishbha for heart and liver and Dharva for pacification of brain Gandhmadhini for heart, arteriosclerosis, cholesterol tumor and Banbasini for falling graying and weakening of hair, Sanjivni for total cure and immunity of body.
The important diseases are as follows :-
Some of the prescriptions and formulae given in the great ayurvedic books like Charak, Shushrut samhita, Baghbhut, Bangsen, Brindsangreha are all based on the individual testing of the writers of these books and the other ones are only the repetition and exchange and interchange of medicines. When these books were written the Rishies (writers) along with their disciples used to collect the medicines with their own hands according to the ancient tradition. This was the main cause of their results and success.
In these days the medicinal and aromatic plants are collected through the traditional method but not according to there readiness. The pharmaceutical standard which were adhered to collect the drugs. Thus there is no hard and fast rule which can give us a quality material. The plants are collected when the labour is available and the collectors are free from their own works and when the traders come to them. The collection of the roots, rhizomes, tubers is done in a way where the entire area of such plants destroyed. Mostly the result is that they have collected the herbs immature and undeveloped. There is no activeness in their ingredients. When they are plucked according to the Vedic tradition the period of maturing and developed as refereed in Yajurveda chapter 18 Shloka 14 and chapter 22 Shloka 22. For example elephant apple (Kapitha) and Harad BAHERA AMLA AND BILE take one year to ripe and herb kakamachi is mature with in two and half months the collectors must have such knowledge.
It is a great wonder the luminaries rose from the western orbit with different movements enlightening separate space patches of the Vedic land of Saptsindhu who made known the Vedas to the whole world. Those to whom we owe our great respect and tributes are WILSON REV, Mr. STEVENSON AND Dr.RORE ( ENGLISH) Dr. ROSEN (LATIN) M. LANGLOIS (FRENCH).
A minute study of Vedic literature concerning Indian medicines, literature, grammar and other Vedic branches of knowledge were researched deeply by the German Max Molar, A. Weber, M. Winteritz, A.B Keith and J. Gonda and other topics were relating the Vedas were deeply researched by Roth, Whitney, Lanman, Webber, Griffith, Bloomfield, Caland and J. Gonda. Out of these the great name who worked for Atharvedic studies in the field of ancient Indian medicines tradition are A.F.R Hoernle, T.A Wise, H.R.Zimmer, P.C. Ray, J.Jolly, J. Filliozat, R.F.G Mueller, G.N Mukhopadhyaya and H.E Sigerist.
This all research indirectly leads to ayurveda because ayurveda is one of the part and parcel of Atharvveda. But no deep research is done on the ayurvedic scriptures that is Shushrut and Charak etc for the last 2000 years and the formulations coming from that time are given to the patients AS GRANTHIC MEDICINES. Where as the lifestyle, our diet have totally been changed. Ayurveda is the Upveda or Atharv Veda but it unfortunate that the medicinal literature linking both has become extinct. There is no trace of such writing for the linking of both. The most important remedies are mentioned here which have the right and correct treatment in Atharvveda. Where as there is no certain, definite and absolute result oriented management for these in any of the prevalent modern therapies including Ayurveda.